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All different Minecraft biomes in 1.19

From Mushroom Fields to Giant Tree Taiga, we’ve compiled a list of every biome in Minecraft and their unique characteristics.



Minecraft's Steve with a panda, llama, and cat

There is a wide variety of biomes in Minecraft which is why exploring the Overworld never goes out of trend. Here’s a list of all the different Minecraft biomes including fan favorites like Savanna, Plains, Lush Caves, and more.

Even after playing Minecraft for years, you cannot be sure about visiting every biome. While some veterans are yet to come across a mushroom field, others are still searching for an Ice Spike.

Minecraft biomes are full of resources that you can use to craft valuable things like elevators, beacons, books, anvils, spyglasses, pickaxes, and more. As a result, crafting and open-world exploration in the game go hand in hand and you always have the incentive to find new crafting ingredients.

With this list of all Minecraft biomes, you can easily plan your next adventure and access a witness range of new in-game elements.

How many Minecraft biomes are there as of version 1.19?

As of version 1.19, Minecraft Java edition has a total of 14 biomes. However, if you include the different variants for each biome, the total number increases to 63. Similarly, the Bedrock edition has 14 major biomes but the total number including the variants is 54.

List of all Minecraft biomes and their variants


Badlands biome in Minecraft

Badlands are rare warm biomes in Minecraft that contain an abundant supply of Terracotta. While badlands are great for collecting gold and other crafting materials, you cannot expect to settle here because there’s a lack of trees, grass, and water, among other necessities.

Badlands in Minecraft are further divided into:

  • Wooden Badlands – The uppermost layer of these Badlands contains grass, coarse dirt, and oak trees.
  • Eroded Badlands – These badlands feature Terracotta hoodoos like the ones in USA’s Bryce Cannon.


Beach biome in Minecraft

Just like in real life, beach biomes in Minecraft generate wherever land meets the ocean. You won’t find any natural resources here but there’s a chance of stumbling upon shipwrecks and buried treasures. Having said that, you can easily find turtles on beaches, and here’s a guide on how to tame and breed turtles in Minecraft.

Beach biomes are further divided into:

  • Stony Shore – A beach full of stones and no sand due to which turtles do not spawn here.
  • Snowy beach – These beaches generate when a snowy biome meets the ocean. Turtles do not spawn on a snowy beach.


Desert biome in Minecraft

Desert is one of the rarest biomes in Minecraft and visiting one is worthwhile only if you get to a desert village. While desert villages contain cats, cows, sheep, and camels (to be added in version 1.20), the majority of the biome is full of barren land and cacti that you can use to make green dye.


Forest biome in Minecraft

Forest is arguably the most common biome in Minecraft with a hefty supply of wood, flowers, mushrooms, and grass. They are great to gather resources during the early game but dense forests might hinder your vision and ultimately, the ability to spot hostile mobs.

These are the types of forests in Minecraft:

  • Birch forest – Primarily includes birch trees.
  • Flower forest – Primarily includes oak trees and flowers.
  • Dark forest – A dense forest with dark oak trees that significantly affect visibility.
  • Old Growth Birch forest – These forests have old and tall birch trees that can be as high as 14 blocks.
  • Windswept forest – These forests contain sparse oak and spruce trees.


Bamboo jungle in Minecraft

Jungle biome in Minecraft is similar to a dark forest but it stands out due to jungle trees that can be even taller than 30 blocks. Apart from some of the tallest trees in the game, you can expect to find bamboo, jungle temple/pyramids, cocoa beans, and parrots.

These are the different types of jungles in Minecraft:

  • Sparse jungle – These jungles are less dense and mobs like ocelots, parrots, and pandas spawn here.
  • Bamboo jungle – These jungles spawn inside a regular jungle in patches and contain a ton of bamboo. There’s a very high chance of a lush cave spawning underneath a bamboo jungle due to its high humidity.

Mushroom fields

Mushroom fields in Minecraft surrounded by deep oceans

Mushroom fields are arguably the rarest biomes in Minecraft as they spawn far away from landmasses and are surrounded by deep oceans. You’ll find an endless supply of mushrooms as well as mycelium on these islands and luckily, no hostile mobs will spawn to bother you.

Huge mushrooms generate naturally in Mushroom fields and it is the only biome where you can counter a mooshroom (a mushroom-themed cow).


Deep ocean in Minecraft

Oceans cover almost 30% area of your Minecraft Overworld, making them the most widespread biome in the game. Alongside shipwrecks and ocean ruins, you can find squid, fish, dolphins, and other aquatic creatures in oceans.

There are eight variants of the ocean biome in Minecraft:

  • Deep ocean – The deepest oceans that are famous for generating ocean monuments and mobs like guardians and elder guardians. You can also find underwater caves and ravines here.
  • Frozen ocean – A frozen ocean generally spawns near a snowy beach. These frosty oceans feature icebergs, polar bears, and blue ice.
  • Deep frozen ocean – As the name suggests, these oceans contain characteristics of deep oceans and frozen oceans. Hence, you can find both icebergs and ocean monuments while exploring them.
  • Cold ocean – These oceans generate near cold regions like taiga and growth taiga.
  • Deep cold ocean – These oceans are twice as deep as cold oceans and generate ocean monuments as well.
  • Lukewarm ocean – These oceans generate near jungles and their ocean ruins are sandy instead of rocky.
  • Deep lukewarm ocean – They are similar to lukewarm oceans and you can find an ocean monument.
  • Warm ocean – These oceans generate next to hot biomes like deserts and badlands. They do not generate ocean monuments and are famous for coral reefs and sea pickles.

Mountain peaks

Snowy peaks in Minecraft

Mountain peaks in Minecraft are slightly rare and based on their peak and slope, you can come across pillager outposts, igloos, goats, emerald ores, coal, or iron while exploring them.

These are three different types of Mountain slopes that you can find in Minecraft:

  • Mountain peaks with meadow slope – The meadow is a grassy sub-biome with grass, tall grass, and flowers. You can also find villages and pillager outposts here.
  • Mountain peak with a grove slope – The grove sub-biome is basically a snowy taiga that spawns several spruce trees near the mountain. Rabbits, wolves, and foxes are common here.
  • Mountain peak with a snowy slope – These mountains are mostly barren with snow and contain rabbits and goats. Moreover, this is the only biome where you can find igloos.

These are the three different types of Mountain peaks that you can find in Minecraft:

  • Jagged Peak – A snowy peak that features gold, coal, emerald, and goats.
  • Frozen Peak – Very similar to a Jagged peak but you’ll find glaciers of packed ice here.
  • Stone Peak – A warmer version of the frozen and jagged peaks where you’ll find an extensive amount of ores.


Plains in Minecraft

Plains are the most common Minecraft biome alongside forests and these grasslands mainly contain some oak trees, bees, and bee nests. You can also find horses, villages, and pillager outposts here.

Plains have another variant called the Sunflower Plains that stands out because of the high number of sunflower plants. Apart from this, the mob spawn rates and other features are identical.


A river in Minecraft

River is a common biome in Minecraft that generally separates biomes and leads to oceans. Salmon and squid are the most common aquatic mobs that you can find in rivers and riverbeds are a great source of seagrass, gravel, and clay.

Sugarcane, which is used to make paper, typically spawns near river banks.

You can find these variants of a river in a Minecraft Overworld:

  • Frozen Rivers – These rivers are found in snowy regions and there is no difference from a standard river apart from the layer of ice on top.


Savanna biome in Minecraft

The Savanna biome in Minecraft can be identified easily due to tall grass and acacia trees. Even the villages of this biome feature acacia furniture.

The Savanna biome is unique in many aspects. It is the only place where acacia spawns naturally and horses and llamas can be found together. Another interesting fact is that it never rains in Savanna biomes.

These are the variants of the Savanna biome in Minecraft:

  • Savanna Plateau – This is when a Savanna biome generates over a plateau or under a snowy mountain. Villages and pillager outposts do not spawn here.
  • Windswept Savanna – This is the most cluttered biome in Minecraft that generates on the top of high peaks. Its geographical features include grass patches, stones, levitating islands, waterfalls, and lavafalls.


Swamp biome in Minecraft

A swamp in Minecraft comprises water, fossils, flat terrain, tall grass, clay, mushrooms, blue orchids, lily pads, vines, seagrass, sugar cane, and oak trees. However, the biggest highlight of this biome is a swamp hut where you’ll find a witch and a black cat.

The mangrove swamp is the only variant of the swamp biome. It does not spawn swamp huts and there are countless Mangrove trees there.


Taiga biome in Minecraft

The taiga biome in Minecraft is a combination of jungles and forests. It is one of the best biomes to start your survival adventure because of the rich flora and fauna that is easily accessible.

These are the types of taiga biomes in Minecraft:

  • Snow taiga – It is a taiga forest with spruce trees, ferns, white foxes, and wolves. The only difference is the layer of snow that covers everything.
  • Old Growth taiga – A taiga biome with large trees that are old.
  • Old Growth pine taiga – A taiga biome with old and tall pine trees.
  • Old Growth spruce taiga – A taiga biome with old and tall spruce trees.


A Lush Cave in Minecraft

Caves are commonly found underground in Minecraft and are the best source of ores. There are three major types of cave biomes:

  • Dripstone caves contain a huge amount of dripstone blocks and pointed dripstone.
  • Deep Dark caves contain sculk blocks and other sculk materials. This is the only biome where you can find ancient cities.
  • Lush caves are found under Azalea trees and they are famous for outstanding flora and fauna. You can find axolotls in these caves.

Well, this was everything to know about the fifteen major Minecraft biomes and their outstanding variants. For more content on the hit sandbox game, you can check out the best Minecraft XP farms, best texture packs and shaders, and how to beat Minecraft.

Image Credits: Mojang